How To Build A Solar Panel With Local Hardware Supplies?
It is not very difficult for a person with hardly any experience to build a solar panel with local hardware supplies. The basic radiator pattern is all that is needed to capture solar radiation to heat water and to send it through pipes into the house.
- Copper pipe
- Three inch size wood screws and a screwdriver.
- Two inches by four inches lumber.
- Plexiglas sheet.
- Black paint.
- Ninety degree pipe adapters.
- Line wrench.
- Measuring tape.
The following instructions would help anyone to build a solar panel with local hardware supplies –
- Measure the plywood into the size three feet long and four feet wide and cut it to form the base board of the solar panel to which the other components would be attached.
- Fix the two feet by four feet lumber to the edges of the plywood in an upright position with the help of wood screws to hold it in position. Once these sections of the lumber are attached, it would form a shallow box.
- Drill a centered hole in any one of the two by four piece of lumber which is near the corner. The hole should be the size of the copper pipe.
- Bore a second similar hole at the opposite end as well, to form the entry and exit points for the copper pipe.
- Pass the copper pipe through the hole at the top, right down to the opposite end to the hole at the bottom of the panel.
- Attach a ninety degree pipe adapter as also a smaller pipe which is six inches or even less in size. Fix another pipe adapter to this, thus turning the pipe in a one hundred and eighty degree bend. The pipe would thus be sent to the opposite end.
- Continue adding pipes and adapters in a similar manner, thus running the pipe through the entire panel like a radiator. Secure the pipe to the plywood base if necessary.
- Paint the copper pipes as well as the entire interior part of the panel black. After the first coat of paint dries, add yet another coat, thus painting the whole area black so that the entire surface is covered.
- Attach the Plexiglas sheet to the front of the panel either by gluing it on or by drilling small holes and screwing it on. Care should be taken not to break the glass.
- Use “L” shaped brackets to mount the solar panel on the roof or in the place where there is maximum sunlight.
- Screw on the brackets in place and seal them with adhesive.
- Connect the input pipe to the water system in the house and also connect output pipes to the inlet to get hot water.
When sunlight hits the inside of the panel and is further amplified by the Plexiglas sheet, the solar panel unit would heat the water.